Christianity has a close relationship with Judaism, both historically and theologically. Jesus, thedisciples, of most of the New Testament, and the members of the earliest Christian churches were all Jews. Jesus' family followed Jewish customs frequently quoted the Bible. Jesus' followers believed him to be the Messiah, a Jewish figure predicted in the Jewish Bible.
Despite its Jewish origins, it was not long before Christianity regarded itself as something other than a new Jewish sect. The first Christian council, convened by the apostles, concluded that pagan converts to Christianity did not have to follow Jewish ritual laws. Soon, converts to Christianity were almost exclusively pagans and Christianity moved further away from Judaism. Today, theological disagreements between Christians and Jews remain, but efforts are being made towards greater understanding and respect between the two great faiths. The following chart compares the origins, beliefs and practices of Christianity and Judaism.